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3 edition of Intercountry comparisons of agricultural output and productivity found in the catalog.

Intercountry comparisons of agricultural output and productivity

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Published by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in Rome .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Agriculture -- Economic aspects -- Statistics.,
  • Agricultural productivity -- Statistics.,
  • Gross domestic product -- Statistics.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references (p. [142]-146).

    Statementby D.S. Prasada Rao.
    SeriesFAO economic and social development paper,, 112
    ContributionsFood and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsHD1421 .P7 1993
    The Physical Object
    Pagination154 p. :
    Number of Pages154
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL1191003M
    ISBN 109251032394
    LC Control Number94181867
    OCLC/WorldCa28953838

    Vietnam - Vietnam - Agriculture, forestry, and fishing: Agriculture is fading as the most important economic sector in Vietnam. Although agriculture still employs more than half of the population and manufacturing accounts for a mere 8 percent of all employment, the output value of both manufacturing and services surpassed that of agriculture in the early s.   In agricultural-dependent economies, extension programmes have been the main conduit for disseminating information on farm technologies, support rural adult learning and assist farmers in developing their farm technical and managerial skills. It is expected that extension programmes will help increase farm productivity, farm revenue, reduce poverty and minimize food insecurity. T International Comparisons of Productivity in Agriculture A 0 4 0 0 0 z 4 U z 4I U S0 Fig. Factor prices and induced technical change. Adopted from Hayami and Ruttan, Agricultural Development, p. The process of advance in biological technology is also illustrated in. Animal Production Research and Reports. Through various market and animal research programs and reports, USDA has developed biotechnological methods and gathered data and statistics to demonstrate the great development of animal productivity in the United States and foreign markets. Livestock Market News; Animal Production and Marketing Issues.


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Intercountry comparisons of agricultural output and productivity by D. S. Prasada Rao Download PDF EPUB FB2

Prasada Rao, D.S. (), "Intercountry Comparisons of Agricultural Output and Productivity", FAO Economic and Social Develop ment Paper No.Rome.

54 Statistics Division Szulc, B., (), "Index Numbers of Multilateral Regional Compar isons" (in Polish), Prezeglad Statysticzny, Vol. 3, pp. intercountry comparisons of agricultural output and productivity, - International Comparisons of Prices, Output and Productivity ISBN:.

A Comparison of Intercountry Agricultural Production Functions: A Frontier Function Approach Viveka P. Kudaligama and John F. Yanagida ∗ Unlike the work by Hayami and Ruttan in the s, this study utilizes frontier meta- production functions to study intercountry agricultural productivity differences.

Technical. Intercountry comparisons of agricultural output and productivity: revised methodology and empirical results By J. Ay, S. Zarqua, D.S. Prasada Rao and ESS AbstractAuthor: J.

Ay, S. Zarqua, D.S. Prasada Rao and ESS. Jean‐Christophe Bureau & Rolf Färe & Shawna Grosskopf, "A Comparison Of Three Nonparametric Measures Of Productivity Growth In European And United States Agriculture," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 46(3), pagesn Millan & Natalia Aldaz, "Agricultural productivity of the Spanish regions: a non-parametric Malmquist.

Downloadable (with restrictions). Intercountry cross-section comparison of total productivity in agriculture showed that differences in production efficiency were small relative to differences in labor productivity among countries at a same stage of economic development but very large among different stages of development.

Moreover, the large differences in total productivity between the. 4. Accounting for productivity differences The results obtained from estimation of the agricultural production function in the previous section may be used to account for intercountry differences in labor productivity (output per male worker) in agriculture.

Table 3 Some previous estimates of the intercountry agricultural production function. Agricultural Productivity: Measurement and Sources of Growth addresses measurement issues and techniques in agricultural productivity analysis, applying those techniques to recently published data sets for American agriculture.

The data sets are used to estimate and explain state level productivity and efficiency differences, and to test different approaches to productivity measurement.

World Agriculture: Towards / book. An FAO Study. World Agriculture: Towards / Rao, D. Intercountry comparisons of agricultural output and productivity.

FAO Economic and Social Development Paper No. for the World Bank. Rijk, A. Agricultural mechanization, policy and strategy, the case of Thailand. Japan. This contribution is the difference between the value of agricultural output and the value of various input costs built up in the production process, adjusted for taxes and subsidies on products.

It is therefore interesting to look at the structure and composition of the Intercountry comparisons of agricultural output and productivity book of this agricultural production and the various inputs used. Inter-Country Comparisons of Agricultural Production Aggregates (Fao Economic & Social Development Paper) Paperback – October 1, by Not Available.

See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. Price New from Used from Format: Paperback. If total output is growing faster than total inputs, then the total productivity of the factors of production (i.e., total factor productivity, or TFP) is increasing. TFP differs from measures like crop yield per acre or agricultural value-added per worker because it takes into account a broader set of inputs used in production.

Of the various measures available, improvement in agricultural productivity is judged as the ultimate means of augmenting food production and supplies. In this Handbook, an international team of experts consider the most important factors affecting production of both crops and livestock. Created Date: Z.

This book provides useful information about Urban Agriculture, which includes the production of crops in small to large lots, vertical production on walls, windows, rooftops, urban gardens, farmer's markets, economic models of urban gardening, peri-urban agricultural systems, and spatial planning and evolution of the land uses.

Inter-country comparisons of agricultural production aggregates. [Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Statistics Division.;] Book: All Authors / Contributors: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Statistics. The central role of agricultural productivity in the economic and social agenda of developing countries was reinforced by the Malabo Declaration of June ,2 which puts agricultural productivity growth at the centre of the objective of Africa to achieve agriculture-led growth and fulfil its targets on food and nutrition security.

Factor productivity in agriculture is estimated from repeated observations on a sample of fifty-eight countries under the assumption that all countries have access to the same technology. Technology is viewed as a collection of techniques; each technique is represented by a production function.

world of sustaining rate of growth in agricultural production around % per year over relatively long periods of time. This rate is not compatible with modern rates of growth in the demand for agricultural output which typically fall between % in the developing countries.

The Urban-Industrial Impact Model. compared intercountry agricultural productivity which have been motivated by a variety of issues including identifying the primary sources of productivity growth and comparing the structural and productivity differences among the countries.

This study however goes further to examine the. Sources: Lusigi and Thirtle (), World Bank (). a Averages for all Africa. "na" no data available. Trends in agricultural productivity in sub-Saharan Africa. Table presents three measures of agricultural productivity and their rates of change, by region and country, based on data from the World Bank () and Lusigi and Thirtle ().

The book contains six chapters, each focusing on a particular topic. The first chapter, “General conditions for cultivation of crops”, talks about the basic needs of farmers and farming sector, by providing basic knowledge on Good Agricultural Practices (GAP), enhancing the awareness of farmers on critical factors.

Global economy, world economy | Agricultural Production Function Analysis Agricultural production is the process of transforming agricultural resources into a form that will give us maximum satisfaction. Agricultural production decisions are, in effect decision making in the allocation of scarce resources.

These resources are scarce and, therefore a choice has to be made in their use with the ultimate objectives [ ]. science, horticulture, plant breeding, agricultural engineering provide input-output relationships in their respective areas inphysical terms i.e.

they define production possibilities within which various choices can be made. Such information is helpful to the farm management in dealing with the problems of production efficiency. SZABÓ: AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY 57 Productivity indicators can be 2classified into two categories: 1.

partial productivity: relates an output indicator to a single input indicator, 2. multi-factor productivity: relates every output indicator to a bundle of input indicators. Both types have their advantages and disadvantages. Agricultural Trade Multipliers provide annual estimates of employment and output effects of trade in farm and food products on the U.S.

economy. Farm Income and Wealth Statistics. Forecasts and estimates of farm sector income with component accounts: for the United States, F; and for States, Updated September 2, Improving agricultural productivity is important in order to improve farmer incomes, and it requires increases in yield, better productivity through the efficient utilization of resources.

agricultural productivity over last three decades has been disappointing. While food production per person in Asia almost doubled between the early s and the middle of the first decade of the 21st century— with East Asia almost tripling food output per capita, in Africa food production per person barely improved at all.

At the same time. Agricultural Production Economics Second Edition Agricultural Production Economics (Second Edition, Amazon Createspace ) is a revised edition of the Textbook Agricultural Production Economics published by Macmillan in (ISBN ).

This is a free pdf download of the entire book. As the author, I own the copyright. This book is centered on the "production processes" of crops and pastures, photosynthesis, and use of water and nutrients in fields.

It is unique in its combination of great breadth and depth in its treatment of production processes and systems problems. The approach is explanatory and integrative, with a firm basis in environmental physics, soils, physiology, and morphology, in contrast to.

‘This is the best book that exists on the topic of stochastic-frontier analysis. It is clearly an excellent book that concisely reports the state of the art of this approach to efficiency analysis. This is a well-written reference book for researchers in this field and for research students considering using.

6A.1 Productivity-enhancing interventions, their locations and objectives, and sources of information 6A.2 Instrument used to collect information from agricultural and rural development practitioners 6A.3 Agricultural productivity impact pathways: How the 13 factors identified in the conceptual framework affect productivity This output value may be compared to many different types of inputs such as labour and land.

These are called partial measures of productivity. Agricultural productivity may also be measured by what is termed total factor productivity (TFP). This method of calculating agricultural productivity compares an index of agricultural inputs to an.

Energy efficiency is important to agriculture as it can reduce greenhouse gas emissions and lower costs of production; “Agricultural activities (not including forest conversion) account for approximately 5% of anthropogenic emissions of CO 2 and the 10–12% of total global anthropogenic emissions of GHGs ( to Gt CO 2 eq.

yr −1 in. At the farm level, an agricultural system is sustainable if it conserves the natural resources provided by its ecosystem [10, 37, 38]. In order to maintain the production, it would be useful to follow a method to evaluate the degree of approximation between different systems and identify aspects to improve on each farm.

exceptionally high agricultural labor productivity as early as Agricultural Productivity Total factor productivity in agriculture can be approximated using the formula A p j ij i j i =∏ ωθ α, where A is an index of productivity, pi is the price of output i, and α is the share of output i in the value of output, ωj is the wage paid.

NON-USDA MEASUREMENT OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY 19 Experience of Other Countries 19 Work Outside USDA on Measuring U.S. Farm Productivity 22 PROBLEM AREAS IN USDA'S MEASUREMENT OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY 24 Definition of the Agricultural Sector 25 Gross Versus Net Productivity 27 Quality Change in Output and Inputs I.

AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN ( AVERAGES) Output To try to compare agricultural productivities inter­ nationally, it was necessary to construct an inter-country cross-section series of aggregate outputs in agriculture.

The output variable employed in. Trends of Agricultural Productivity Estimates of South Africa 0 1 2 3 4 Years Estimates of Agricultural Productivity in percentages AgriculturalProductivity Figure 1: Agricultural Productivity Estimates from Source: Own creation using (Liebenberg et al (); Conradie et a l.

In general, productivity is often defined as a relationship between output produced by a system and quantities of input factors utilized by the system to produce that output. Here, the output can be any outcome of the process, whether a product or service, while input factors consist of any human and physical resources used in a process.

It follows.comparison of relative levels of productivity. The methodology for this study was developed by Jorgenson and Nishimizu (). They provided a theoretical framework for productivity comparisons based on a bilateral production function.

They employed this framework in comparing output, input, and productivity at the aggregate level for Japan and the.GDP From Agriculture in Australia decreased to AUD Million in the second quarter of from AUD Million in the first quarter of GDP From Agriculture in Australia averaged AUD Million from untilreaching an all time high of AUD Million in the first quarter of and a record low of AUD Million in the second quarter of